Sloan Fellowship Will Help Patrick Shih Investigate Ancient Origins of Photosynthesis

Patrick Shih, JBEI’s Director of Plant Biosystems Design who also serves as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Plant Biology at UC Davis, was recently selected as a 2019 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow in Computational and Evolutionary Molecular Biology.

Shih, will use this fellowship to help fund his research to reconstruct the evolution of photosynthesis, a process that originated billions of years ago.

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Mortimer Participates at AAAS Forum on Science & Technology Policy

Jenny Mortimer, JBEI’s Deputy VP of the Feedstocks Division and Director of Plant Biosystems Design, participated at a 2018 AAAS Forum on Science & Technology Policy panel entitled “Science Competitiveness in Relation to Public Support for Science”. Panelists discussed how the scientific community must work to maintain societal relevance and build trust. Mortimer presented a code of ethics for scientists recently developed by the World Economic Forum’s Young Scientists community. The code serves as a tool to nurture a positive change of culture in the research world by not only guiding and shaping the behavior of individuals but also the processes of the scientific institutions that are to facilitate this cultural shift.

Plants Really Do Feed Their Friends

– By Christina Procopiou

Researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have discovered that as plants develop, they craft their root microbiome, favoring microbes that consume very specific metabolites. Their study could help scientists identify ways to enhance the soil microbiome for improved carbon storage and plant productivity.

Just one gram of soil contains tens of thousands of microbial species. Scientists have long known that plants impact the composition of the soil microbiome in the area surrounding their roots by sending out chemicals (metabolites). Yet, little research had gone into the relationship between specific metabolites that plants release and the microbes consuming them. Now, a new study delving into this relationship has just been published in the journal Nature Microbiology.

The work was led by first author Kateryna Zhalnina, postdoctoral researcher in the Berkeley Lab’s Environmental Genomics and Systems Biology (EGSB) Division and Earth and Environmental Sciences Area (EESA), and corresponding authors Trent Northen, senior scientist in EGSB, and Eoin Brodie, senior scientist in EESA. With expertise in soil science, microbial and plant genomics, and metabolomics, their team explored these potential metabolic connections in the rhizosphere of an annual grass (Avena barbata) common in California and other Mediterranean ecosystems.

Other current or former Berkeley Lab scientists contributing to this studying were: former JBEI scientists Nasim Mansoori and Dominique Loqué, Katherine Louie and Benjamin Bowen of EGSB; Zhao Hao, Ulisses Nunes da Rocha, and Ulas Karaoz of EESA. Shengjing Shi and Heejung Cho of UC Berkeley were also co-authors. The DOE Office of Science supported the research. The authors used a hydroponic setup at the Joint BioEnergy Institute, a DOE Bioenergy Research Center. This work was done in part through the DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program. Read more in the Berkeley Lab News Center press release.

Study speeds transformation of biofuel waste into useful chemicals, Phys.org

JBEI’s Feedstocks Division collaborated with Sandia National Laboratories in a study that looked into efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals.

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Mortimer participates at WEF’s Annual Meeting of the New Champions

Jenny Mortimer, JBEI’s Deputy Vice President of the Feedstocks Division and Director of Plant Systems Biology participated at the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) 2017 Annual Meeting of the New Champions alongside business and political leaders. The annual meeting whose overall theme this year was inclusive growth in the fourth industrial revolution took place from June 27-29 in Dalian, China. At the meeting Mortimer participated at a press conference entitled “Young, talented and fighting for science” which can be viewed here.

Mortimer was selected in 2016 to be part of WEF’s Young Scientists community which brings together the most forward-thinking and advanced young scientific minds in the world under the age of 40. The selected individuals have demonstrated their commitment to public service and actively play a transformational role in integrating scientific knowledge into society for the public good. To learn more about her experience joining this community read this article.

A Whole-Genome Sequenced Rice Mutant Resource for the Study of Biofuel Feedstocks

Researchers at the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) in collaboration with the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) are reporting the first whole-genome sequence of a mutant population of Kitaake, a model variety of rice. Their high-density, high-resolution catalog of mutations facilitates the discovery of novel genes and functional elements that control diverse biological pathways. Read more

JBEI’s Vy Ngo Awarded Grace Fimognari Memorial Prize

Vy Ngo, student assistant with JBEI’s Feedstocks Division was awarded the Grace Fimognari Memorial Prize during UC Berkeley’s Molecular & Cell Biology (MCB) 2017 Commencement. The Prize established in 1969 is awarded to outstanding graduating senior in the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (BMB) emphasis of the MCB major. Ngo was mentored by Jenny Mortimer, JBEI’s Director of Plant Systems Biology, initially through Berkeley Lab’s Community College Internship (CCI) program in 2015 and then completed the Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship (SULI) program in 2016. She continued to intern at JBEI as she transitioned to UC Berkeley.

New Science Study Provides Further Insight Into Plant Cell Division

Joint BioEnergy Institute Postdoctoral Researcher Estelle Schaefer was the lead author of a new study on plant cell division orientation released by Science on April XX. The study developed while Schaefer was affiliated with the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) in France and provides further insight into the actual mechanics of cell division in plants.

One phase of the cell division cycle is called mitosis, which is when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. Mitosis occurs in several steps and in plants includes preprophase. Schaefer’s work focused on the preprophase band of microtubules, intracellular structures responsible for various movements within cells, and showed that this band controls the robustness of cell division orientation and consequent plant development.

Since completing her PhD three years ago, Schaefer has worked in the field of cell wall biosynthesis with Henrik Scheller (Environmental Genomics & Systems Biology Division) at JBEI. She will soon transition to the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) where she will work with John Vogel to study the interactions between Brachypodium roots and microbes of the rhizosphere.

JBEI’s Henrik Scheller Awarded 2016 Kaj Linderstrøm-Lang Prize

Carlsberg Foundation and the Carlsberg Research Laboratory hosted its annual awards celebration on November 29. A record number of four awards were handed out this year to commemorate the Laboratory’s 140th anniversary.

The Carlsberg Forum series reflects the strong link between science and business. Each year, the Kaj Linderstrøm-Lang awards are given to prominent scientists for their achievements within biochemistry or physiology, the fields of science in which Kaj Linderstrøm-Lang, a professor at Carlsberg Research Laboratory in the period 1939-1959, distinguished himself as a pioneer.

This year, Professor Henrik V. Scheller, Vice President of Feedstocks at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (Berkeley Lab) and Professor Geoff Fincher, School of Agriculture, Food & Wine, The University of Adelaide, Australia received this year’s Kaj Linderstrøm-Lang Prize as an acknowledgement of their outstanding achievements on identifying and characterizing enzymes involved in synthesis and modification of the plant cell wall. The prize is a plated gold medal and a financial personal award of DKK 40.000 (~USD 5720).

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