Cell Wall Biology

view profile for Henrik Vibe Scheller

Henrik Vibe Scheller

Vice President for Feedstocks and Director of Cell Wall Biology

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Michael Belcher

Graduate Student Research Assistant

view profile for Andrew Brandon

Andrew Brandon

Graduate Student Research Assistant

view profile for Xiaoyue Chen

Xiaoyue Chen

Guest Postdoctoral Fellow

view profile for Yi-Chun Chen

Yi-Chun Chen

Research Associate

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Jutta Dalton

Research Associate

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Nick Downs

Research Assistant

view profile for Christopher Gee

Christopher Gee

Post Doctoral Researcher

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Charlotte Mineo

Graduate Student Research Assistant

view profile for Karen Serrano

Karen Serrano

Graduate Student Research Assistant

view profile for Halbay Turumtay

Halbay Turumtay

Guest Scientist

view profile for Hsin-Tzu Wang

Hsin-Tzu Wang

Post Doctoral Researcher

view profile for Lorenzo Washington

Lorenzo Washington

Graduate Student Research Assistant

Developing improved biofuel crops requires a better understanding of cell wall biosynthesis and the role of cell wall polymers in plant growth and development. The Cell Wall Biology Group is identifying the enzymes and regulatory proteins required for the biosynthesis of polysaccharides and glycoproteins in the cell wall. This knowledge is applied to modify the composition of cell walls in plants for improved production of biofuels and bioproducts. Because altered cell walls can influence plants in multiple ways, it is important to ensure that engineered plants with modified cell walls or bioproducts are robust and high-yielding under conditions prevailing in the field. The Cell Wall Biology Group is specifically studying how cell wall changes may impact the response of plants to drought as well as the interactions with beneficial microorganisms, especially arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

Projects

  • Structure and function of glycosyltransferases, nucleotide sugar transporters and regulatory proteins involved in biosynthesis of hemicellulose, pectin and other glycans
  • Engineering of plants with modified polysaccharide composition and increased content of easily fermentable sugars
  • The impact of cell wall composition on interactions between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobia
  • The impact of cell wall composition on drought tolerance

Non-JBEI Projects

  • Biosynthesis and glycosylation of bioactive specialized metabolites from plants
  • Cell surface interactions with microbial communities

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Featured Intellectual Property